NAT

Geography and nature

About Iceland´s Geography and Nature

Iceland is an island in the Atlantic Ocean, located near the Arctic Circle, between Greenland and Norway. An island of 103.000 km2 (40,000 square miles), it is about the same size as Hungary and Portugal, or Kentucky and Virginia. Iceland is the second largest island in Europe, following Great Britain, and the 18th largest island in the world. The coastline is 4,970 km, and Iceland maintains a 200 nautical-miles exclusive economic zone. It takes approximately five hours to fly from New York to Reykjavík, and three hours from London.
Iceland is one of the youngest landmasses on the planet, and consequently home to some of the world’s most active volcanoes. The island owes its existence to a large volcanic fissure in the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, where the Eurasian and American tectonic plates meet. Even today, the country is growing by about 5 cm per year, as it splits wider at the points where two tectonic plates meet.
In 2010 Eyjafjallajökull volcano erupted and in 2011 Grímsvötn. The latest volcanic eruption was in Holuhraun from August 2014 to February 2015. The eruption produced a lava field of more than 85 km2 (33 sq mi) and 1.4 km3 (0.34 cu mi) – the largest in Iceland since 1783.
Iceland’s highest peak is Hvannadalshnjúkur, standing 2.119 metres (6852 ft) over sea level. and over 11 percent of the country is covered by glaciers, including Vatnajökull, the largest in Europe. Its land mass comprises glaciers (12,000 km2), lava (11,000 km2), sand (4,000 km2), water (3,000 km2) and pasture (1,000 km2).
Iceland is the least populated country in Europe. Almost 80% of the country is uninhabited, and much of its terrain consists of plateaux, mountain peaks, and fertile lowlands. There are many long, deep fjords and glaciers, including Europe’s largest, Vatnajökull. Its landscape’s is characterized by waterfalls, geysers, volcanoes, black sand beaches and otherworldly steaming lava fields.
Iceland has very mild, coastal weather, stemming from the Gulf Stream. The weather is also affected by the East Greenland polar current curving south-eastwards round the north and east coasts. The average summer temperature in Reykjavik is 10.6°C/51°F in July, with average highs of 24.3°C/76°F. The average winter temperature in Reykjavik is similar to New York City’s, about 0°C/32°F in January (average highs are 9.9°C/50°C). The weather can be very unpredictable and often changes in an instant.

Source and photo: www.iceland.is

 

Articles in Geography and nature

Hofsjokull East Glacier

About Hof jokull Ea t Glacier Hof jokull Ea t (1069m) i located ea t of... more

Eruption in Eyjafjallajokull 2010

About the Famou Eruption in 2010 On March 20th 2010 ( pring equinox),... more

Vatnajokull National Park

About Vatnajokull National Park Vatnajokull National Park i Europe' large... more

Reykjavik Whale Watching Tour

Up clo e and per onal with the whale Whale watching tour are operated from... more

Icelandic Cattle

About Icelandic Cattle The Icelandic cattle they originated from cattle... more

The Icelandic Sheep

About The Icelandic Sheep Hi tory and Background The modern Icelandic Sheep i... more

The Icelandic Horse

About The Icelandic Hor e Breeding The Icelandic hor e live to a ripe old... more

The Icelandic Sheep Dog

About the Icelandic Sheepdog The Icelandic Sheepdog i Iceland' only native... more

Domestic Animals in Iceland

About Dome tic Animal in Iceland Documented ource confirm that the ettler... more

Blue Whiting

About Blue Whiting The blue whiting' (Lat:Microme i tiu pouta ou) habitat... more

Blue Mussel

About Blue Mu el The blue mu el (Lat: Mytilu eduli ) i common all around... more

Blue Ling

About Blue Ling The blue ling (Lat:Molva byrkelange) i mo tly 80-130... more

Basking Shark

About Ba king Shark The ba king hark (Lat: Cetorhinu maximu ) i the econd... more

Angler Fish

About Angler Fi h The habitat of the angler fi h (Lat: Lophiu pi catoriu )... more

Fish Species around Iceland

ANGLER BASKING SHARK BLUE LING BLUE MUSSEL BLUE... more

Whales around Iceland

About Whale around Iceland Whale are mentioned in the olde t documented... more

Seals around Iceland

About Seal around Iceland Altogether even pecie of pinnipedia have been... more

Rabbits in Iceland

About Rabbit in Iceland Rabbit imported a pet have become a part of the... more

Arctic Fox in Iceland

About The Arctic Fox in Iceland The arctic fox (Alopex Lagopu ) i believed to... more

Polar Bears in Iceland

About Polar Bear in Iceland The polar bear (Ur u maritimu , formerly... more

Mink in Iceland

About Mink in Iceland In 1931, the mink (Mu tela Vi on) wa imported for fur... more

Reindeer in Iceland

About Reindeer in Iceland The reindeer (Rangifer Tarandu ) i a relatively new... more

Rodents in Iceland

About Rodent in Iceland Only four pecie of rodent occur in Iceland, the... more

Wild Mammals in Iceland

About Wild Mammal in Iceland Iceland cannot boa t of many pecie of wild... more

Gigjokull Glacier

About Gigjokull A one of Eyjafjallajokull Glacier´ Outlet , Gigjokull wa... more

Iceland – The Ice Ages

About the Ice Age in Iceland The Ice Age are period in the earth' hi tory... more

Birds of the Interior

About Bird of the Interior Mo t of the interior plateau i devoid of... more

Birds of the South

About Bird of the South The exten ive alluvial or outwa h plain ( ander) of... more

Birds of the East

About Bird of the Ea t There i a large bird cliff on the penin ula Langane... more

Birds of the North

About Bird of the North In the northern lowland , between the village of... more

Birds of the Westfjords

About Bird of the We tfjord The mountainou and indented northwe t penin ula... more

Birds of the West

About Bird of the We t About 50 km from Reykjavik and only a hort di tance... more

Birds of the Southwest

About Bird of the Southwe t In the capital and it vicinity, there are... more

Birds of Iceland

About Bird of Iceland About 330 pecie of bird have been recorded in... more

Krokslon Reservoir

About Krok lon Re ervoir River Tungnaa wa gradually eroding a cha m through... more

Skorradalsvatn Lake

About Skorradal vatn Lake Lake Skorradal vatn ha an area of 14,7 km² It i... more

Graenalon Lagoon

About Graenalon Lagoon Glacial Lagoon Graenalon i a con tantly changin body... more

Sultartangi Reservoir

About Sultartangi Re ervoir River Thjor a and Tungnaa were dammed ju t ea t... more

Kvislaveita Lake

About Kvi laveita Lake The National Electricity Authority tarted work on the... more

Hop Lake

About Hop Lake Lake Hop i the country' fifth large t natural lake, ituated... more

Myvatn Lake

About Myvatn Lake Lake Myvatn ha an area of 36,5 km² It i ituated 277 m... more

Lagarfljot Lake

About Lagarfljot Lake River Lagarfljot i the econd large t one in the Ea t,... more

Thingvallavatn Lake

About Thingvallavatn Lake Lake Thingvallavatn i the large t „natural”... more

Thorisvatn Lake

About Thori vatn Lake Thi lake wa the econd large t natural lake of the... more

Kreppa River

About Kreppa River River Kreppa i a hort tributary of the 206 kilometre... more

Eyjafjardara Estuary River

About Eyjafjardara E tuary River The River Eyjafjardara E tuary, which i... more

Sog River

About Sog River Iceland’ large t pring fed river and a famou almon river... more

Lagarfljot River

About Lagarfljot River River Lagarfljot i the econd large t one in the Ea t,... more

River Tungnaa

About River Tungnaa River Tungnaa di charge a larg area of the we tern part... more

Jokulsa a Fjollum

About Jokul a a Fjollum Thi glacial river, a di charge of the icecap... more

Holsa River

About Hol a River Thi pring fed river wa called Djupa (The Deep River) in... more

Hofsa Vopnafjordur

About Hof a Vopnafjordur A large river in the Vopnafiord region, fi hed with 6... more

Vididalsa, Fitja

About Vididal a Thi i one of the top river , producing a thou and almon in... more

Laxa River

About Laxa River Thi i one of Iceland’ major almon river and in many... more

Kudafljot River

About Kudafljot River River Kudafljot i the product of confluence of everal... more

Hvita River

About Hvita River Thi i a glacial river and the main artery of the... more

Fnjoska River

About Fnjo ka River Thi i rather a large run off and pring fed river, which... more

Blanda River

About Blanda River Thi i a large, partially a glacial river A dam linking to... more

Heradsvotn River

 About Herad votn River Herad votn run through the wide Skagafjordur Valley... more

Skjalfandafljot

About Skjalfandafljot Thi large volume glacial river ha ome of Iceland’... more

Tindfjallajokull Glacier

About Tindfjallajokull Glacier The total area of thi mall glacier i about... more

Drangajokull Glacier

About Drangajokull Glacier Thi glacier i the northernmo t of the... more

Grimsey Island

About Grim ey I land Grim ey i the northernmo t inhabited part of Iceland It... more

Heimaey Island

About Ve tmannaeyjar The We tman I land , "The Pearl in The Ocean", i an... more

Mt Kaldbakur

About Kaldbakur Mt Kaldbakur (998 m) i the highe t mountain of the We tfjord... more

Mt Dyrfjoll

About Dyrfjoll Mt Dyrfjoll (1136 m) mark the northernmo t boundarie of the... more

Mt Maelifellshnjukur

About Maelifell hnjukur Mt Maelifell hnjukur (1138 m) i located to the outh... more

Snaekollur

About Kerlingarfjoll Thi va t and colourful rhyolite mountain ma if (150... more

Mt Kerling

About Kerling Mt Kerling i the highe t mountain near inhabited area in the... more

Mts Kverkfjoll

About Kverkfjoll Kverkfjoll i a mountain ma if underneath and on the... more

Volcanism Iceland

About Icelandic Volani m The proce e by which molten rock material, or... more

Geysir

About Gey ir A Gey er i a hot pring, which erupt intermittently in a column... more

History of Volcanic Activity

About Volcani m in Iceland The i land of the Atlantic Ocean created by the... more

The Colors of Icelandic Geology

Metamorpho i in High Temperature Area Yellow colour : Often pure ulphur... more

Geology in Highlands of Iceland

About Geology in Highland of Iceland The Mountain Ma if Dyngjufjoll in the... more

Geology in South Iceland

About Geology in South Iceland The outhern and Snaefell ne volcanic area... more

Geology in East Iceland

About Geology in Ea t Iceland Re earch borehole confirmed dyke in exce of... more

Geology in North Iceland

About Geology in North Iceland Hverfjall Thi prototype of a Tuff Ring wa... more

Geology – West Iceland

About Geology in We t Iceland Crater Grabrok, in the extremely beautiful area... more

Geology – South West Iceland

About Geology in South We t Iceland The Reykjane Zone i a o-called Rift... more

Geology of Iceland

The i land of the Atlantic Ocean created by the volcani m of the Middle... more

Northern Lights

The northern light (latin: aurora boreali ) are a pectacular natural colour... more

Skalafellsjokull Glacier

About Skalafell jokull Glacier Glacier Tour were founded in 1985 The road up... more

Namaskard hverir

Nama kard hverir Thi pectacular high temperature area (410 m above ea... more

Hofsjokull Glacier

Hof jokull (Ea t) Glacier Hof jokull Ea t (1069m) i located ea t of Glacier... more

Jokulsargljufur National Park

About National Park Jokul argljufur The Northern Part of National Park... more

Eyjabakkajokull Glacier

About Eyjabakkajokull The glacier nout Eyjabakkajokull i the ea ternmo t of... more

Eiriksjokull Glacier

About Eirik jokull Glacier Eirik jokull (1,675 m) ha an area of about 22 km... more

Lambatungnajokull

About Lambatungnajokull Thi glacier nout flow down into the Skyndidalur... more

Langjokull Glacier

About Langjokull The Long Glacier (1355m) i the econd large t in Iceland It... more

Myrdalsjokull

About Myrdal jokull The Myrdal jokull (1480m) i the fourth large t glacier... more

Bruarjokull Glacier

About Bruarjokull Thi glacier tongue i the large t of the many uch of the... more

Torfajokull glacier

About Torfajokull glacier The glacier Torfajokull peak at 1,190 m above ea... more

Tungnafellsjokull

About Tungnafell jokull Glacier Mt Tungnafell (1,392 m) i a convex and teep... more

Oraefajokull Glacier

About Oraefajokull Oraefajokull i the highe t mountain of the country, 2,110... more

Vatnajokull Glacier – Europe´s Largest Icecap

About Vatnajokull Vatnajokull (2110m) wa named after ub-glacial lake in a... more

Breidamerkurjokull Glacier

About Breidamerkurjokull Glacier Breidamerkurjokull count among the large t... more

Eyjafjallajokull Glacier

About Eyjafjallajokull Eyjafjallajokull (Directly tran lated: "The I land... more

Solheimajokull Glacier

About Solheimajokull glacier The glacier nout Solheimajokull i the... more

Skaftafell National Park

About Skaftafell National Park The Southern Part of National Park... more

Thingvellir National Park

About Thingvellir National Park The Parliamentary Plain are the mo t... more

Deildartunguhver

About Deildartunguhver Thi i probably the mo t voluminou natural hot pring... more

Snaefellsjokull glacier

Snaefell jokull glacier The Snaefell glacier (1446m) ha an area of about 7... more

National Park Snæfellsjokull

About National Park Snaefell jokull The Snaefell jokull National Park wa... more